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:: Volume 34, Issue 1 (5-2018) ::
QJOE 2018, 34(1): 115-138 Back to browse issues page
Second Language System of Motivational Selves and English Language Skills: The Role of Socio-Economic Status among Iranian Language Learners
A. Parastaar Aski , M.H. Abdollaahi, Ph.D. , A. R. Moraadi, Ph.D. , H. R. Hassanaabaadi, Ph.D.
Abstract:   (46 Views)
Second Language System of Motivational Selves and English Language Skills: The Role of Socio-Economic Status among Iranian Language Learners1

A. Parastaar Aski*
M.H. Abdollaahi, Ph.D.**
A. R. Moraadi, Ph.D.***
H. R. Hassanaabaadi, Ph.D.****

 
Learning English in Iran is quite popular, yet not all are successful at this task. To shed light on this dilemma and its root causes, the roles of socio-economic status and motivational selves among Iranian English learners are explored in this research. A total of 892 participants in this research sampled through proportional sampling from among high school and university students. Measures used are questionnaires on motivational selves and socio-economic status, and a standard test in English language skills. Analysis of the collected data shows that the ideal and ought-to selves, next to attitude towards learning English, explain the variance in English language skills. Furthermore, it is the attitude in the learning environment, rather than other people’s expectation through ought-to self, that informs motivation. Also the SES mediates the effect of the ideal self on second language learning, i.e. those with high SES who have a better ideal self, learn language skills better than those with low SES because the former do not benefit from a high ideal self.
 
Keywords: motivational selves, ideal self, ought-to self, attitude towards second language learning, language self-confidence, socio-economic status
______________________
Date received: Dec. 31, 2016                   Date accepted: Dec. 24, 2017
1. This paper is derived from the corresponding author’s doctoral dissertation.
*Doctoral Student in Educational Psychology, Kharazmi University (Corresponding Author). parastaraskiali@yahoo.com
**Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University.  abdollahimh@khu.ac.ir
***Professor of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University.  moradi@khu.ac.ir
****Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology, Kharazmi University.  dr_hassanabadi@khu.ac.ir
 
Keywords: motivational selves, ideal self, ought-to self, attitude towards second language learning, language self-confidence, socio-economic status
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/24 | Published: 2018/05/14
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Parastaar Aski A, Abdollaahi, Ph.D. M, Moraadi, Ph.D. A R, Hassanaabaadi, Ph.D. H R. Second Language System of Motivational Selves and English Language Skills: The Role of Socio-Economic Status among Iranian Language Learners. QJOE. 2018; 34 (1) :115-138
URL: http://qjoe.ir/article-1-908-en.html


Volume 34, Issue 1 (5-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تعلیم و تربیت Quarterly Journal of Education
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